Funktionsreferenz
PHP Manual

PHP bytecode Compiler

Einführung

Warnung

Diese Erweiterung ist EXPERIMENTELL. Das Verhalten dieser Erweiterung, einschließlich der Funktionsnamen, und alles Andere was hier dokumentiert ist, kann sich in zukünftigen PHP-Versionen ohne Ankündigung ändern. Seien Sie gewarnt und verwenden Sie diese Erweiterung auf eigenes Risiko.

Bcompiler was written for several reasons:

  • To encode entire script in a proprietary PHP application
  • To encode some classes and/or functions in a proprietary PHP application
  • To enable the production of php-gtk applications that could be used on client desktops, without the need for a php.exe.
  • To do the feasibility study for a PHP to C converter
The first of these goals is achieved using the bcompiler_write_header(), bcompiler_write_file() and bcompiler_write_footer() functions. The bytecode files can be written as either uncompressed or plain. To use the generated bytecode, you can simply include it with include or require statements.

The second of these goals is achieved using the bcompiler_write_header(), bcompiler_write_class(), bcompiler_write_footer(), bcompiler_read(), and bcompiler_load() functions. The bytecode files can be written as either uncompressed or plain. The bcompiler_load() reads a bzip compressed bytecode file, which tends to be 1/3 of the size of the original file.

To create EXE type files, bcompiler has to be used with a modified sapi file or a version of PHP which has been compiled as a shared library. In this scenario, bcompiler reads the compressed bytecode from the end of the exe file.

bcompiler can improve performance by about 30% when used with uncompressed bytecodes only. But keep in mind that uncompressed bytecode can be up to 5 times larger than the original source code. Using bytecode compression can save your space, but decompression requires much more time than parsing a source. bcompiler also does not do any bytecode optimization, this could be added in the future...

In terms of code protection, it is safe to say that it would be impossible to recreate the exact source code that it was built from, and without the accompanying source code comments. It would effectively be useless to use the bcompiler bytecodes to recreate and modify a class. However it is possible to retrieve data from a bcompiled bytecode file - so don't put your private passwords or anything in it.

Installation

short installation note:

  • You need at least PHP 4.3.0 for the compression to work
  • To install on PHP 4.3.0 and later at the Unix command prompt type pear install bcompiler
  • To install on Windows, until the binary package distribution mechanism is finished please search the archives of the pear-general mailing list for pre-built packages. (or send an email to it if you could not find a reference)
  • To install on older versions you need to make some slight changes to the build.
  • untar the bcompiler.tgz archive into php4/ext.(Get it directly from PECL » http://pecl.php.net/get/bcompiler)
  • If the new directory is now called something like bcompiler-0.x, then you should rename it to bcompiler (except you only want to build it as self-contained php-module).
  • If you are using versions before PHP 4.3.0, the you will need to copy the Makefile.in.old to Makefile.in and config.m4.old to config.m4.
  • run phpize in ext/bcompiler
  • run ./buildconf in php4
  • run configure with --enable-bcompiler (and your other options)
  • make; make install
  • that's it.

Contact Information

If you have comments, bugfixes, enhancements or want to help developing this beast, you can drop me a mail at » alan_k@php.net. Any help is very welcome.

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