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PHP Manual

Memcache Functions

Einführung

Memcache module provides handy procedural and object oriented interface to memcached, highly effective caching daemon, which was especially designed to decrease database load in dynamic web applications.

The Memcache module also provides a session handler (memcache).

More information about memcached can be found at » http://www.danga.com/memcached/.

Anforderungen

This module uses functions of » zlib to support on-the-fly data compression. Zlib is required to install this module.

PHP 4.3.3 or newer is required to use the memcache extension.

Installation

Diese » PECL Erweiterung ist nicht Teil von PHP. Zusätzliche Informationen, wie neue Releases, Downloads Quelldateien, Maintainerinformation und ein CHANGELOG finden Sie hier: » http://pecl.php.net/package/memcache.

In order to use these functions you must compile PHP with Memcache support by using the --enable-memcache[=DIR] option. You may optionally disable memcache session handler support by specifying --disable-memcache-session.

Windows users will enable php_memcache.dll inside of php.ini in order to use these functions. Sie können die DLL für diese PECL Erweiterung entweder von » PHP Downloads oder von » http://snaps.php.net/ herunterladen.

Laufzeit Konfiguration

Das Verhalten dieser Funktionen wird durch Einstellungen in der php.ini beeinflusst.

Memcache Configuration Options
Name Default Changeable Changelog
memcache.allow_failover "1" PHP_INI_ALL Available since memcache 2.0.2.
memcache.max_failover_attempts "20" PHP_INI_ALL Available since memcache 2.1.0.
memcache.chunk_size "8192" PHP_INI_ALL Available since memcache 2.0.2.
memcache.default_port "11211" PHP_INI_ALL Available since memcache 2.0.2.
memcache.hash_strategy "standard" PHP_INI_ALL Available since memcache 2.2.0.
memcache.hash_function "crc32" PHP_INI_ALL Available since memcache 2.2.0.
session.save_handler "files" PHP_INI_ALL Supported since memcache 2.1.2
session.save_path "" PHP_INI_ALL Supported since memcache 2.1.2
Weitere Details und die Definitionen der PHP_INI_*-Konstanten finden Sie im php.ini Einstellungen.

Hier eine kurze Erklärung der Konfigurationsoptionen:

memcache.allow_failover boolean

Whether to transparently failover to other servers on errors.

memcache.max_failover_attempts integer

Defines how many servers to try when setting and getting data. Used only in conjunction with memcache.allow_failover.

memcache.chunk_size integer

Data will be transferred in chunks of this size, setting the value lower requires more network writes. Try increasing this value to 32768 if noticing otherwise inexplicable slowdowns.

memcache.default_port string

The default TCP port number to use when connecting to the memcached server if no other port is specified.

memcache.hash_strategy string

Controls which strategy to use when mapping keys to servers. Set this value to consistent to enable consistent hashing which allows servers to be added or removed from the pool without causing keys to be remapped. Setting this value to standard results in the old strategy being used.

memcache.hash_function string

Controls which hash function to apply when mapping keys to servers, crc32 uses the standard CRC32 hash while fnv uses FNV-1a.

session.save_handler string

Use memcache as a session handler by setting this value to memcache.

session.save_path string

Defines a comma separated of server urls to use for session storage, for example "tcp://host1:11211, tcp://host2:11211".

Each url may contain parameters which are applied to that server, they are the same as for the Memcache::addServer() method. For example "tcp://host1:11211?persistent=1&weight=1&timeout=1&retry_interval=15"

Resource Typen

There is only one resource type used in memcache module - it's the link identifier for a cache server connection.

Vordefinierte Konstanten

Memcache Constants
Name Description
MEMCACHE_COMPRESSED (integer) Used to turn on-the-fly data compression on with Memcache::set(), Memcache::add() und Memcache::replace().
MEMCACHE_HAVE_SESSION (integer) 1 if this Memcache session handler is available, 0 otherwise.

Beispiele

Example#1 memcache extension overview example

In this example, an object is being saved in the cache and then retrieved back. Object and other non-scalar types are serialized before saving, so it's impossible to store resources (i.e. connection identifiers and others) in the cache.

<?php

$memcache 
= new Memcache;
$memcache->connect('localhost'11211) or die ("Could not connect");

$version $memcache->getVersion();
echo 
"Server's version: ".$version."<br/>\n";

$tmp_object = new stdClass;
$tmp_object->str_attr 'test';
$tmp_object->int_attr 123;

$memcache->set('key'$tmp_objectfalse10) or die ("Failed to save data at the server");
echo 
"Store data in the cache (data will expire in 10 seconds)<br/>\n";

$get_result $memcache->get('key');
echo 
"Data from the cache:<br/>\n";

var_dump($get_result);

?>

Example#2 Using memcache session handler

<?php

$session_save_path 
"tcp://$host:$port?persistent=1&weight=2&timeout=2&retry_interval=10,  ,tcp://$host:$port  ";
ini_set('session.save_handler''memcache');
ini_set('session.save_path'$session_save_path);

?>

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