Funktionsreferenz
PHP Manual

YAZ Functions

Einführung

This extension offers a PHP interface to the YAZ toolkit that implements the » Z39.50 Protocol for Information Retrieval. With this extension you can easily implement a Z39.50 origin (client) that searches or scans Z39.50 targets (servers) in parallel.

The module hides most of the complexity of Z39.50 so it should be fairly easy to use. It supports persistent stateless connections very similar to those offered by the various RDB APIs that are available for PHP. This means that sessions are stateless but shared among users, thus saving the connect and initialize phase steps in most cases.

YAZ is available at » http://www.indexdata.dk/yaz/. You can find news information, example scripts, etc. for this extension at » http://www.indexdata.dk/phpyaz/.

Hinweis: Diese Erweiterung wurde ins » PECL Repositorium verschoben und ist nicht mehr Teil von PHP ab PHP 5.0.0.

Installation

Obtain YAZ (ANSI/NISO Z39.50 support) and install it. YAZ can be fetched in source or in various prebuilt packages from the » YAZ archive. Systems such as Debian GNU/Linux, Suse Linux, FreeBSD also has YAZ as part of their distribution.

For the PHP 4 series, the YAZ extension is bundled (but not YAZ itself) Build PHP with your favorite modules and add option --with-yaz[=DIR].

Example#1 YAZ compilation for PHP 4 on Unix

gunzip -c php-4.4.X.tar.gz|tar xf -
gunzip -c yaz-2.1.8.tar.gz|tar xf -
cd yaz-2.1.8
./configure --prefix=/usr
make
sudo make install
cd ../php-4.4.X.
./configure --with-yaz=/usr/bin
make
sudo make install

For PHP 5, the YAZ extension is in » PECL and is installed as a shared object/dll. If you have pear installed the easiest way to download, configure and install the YAZ extension is by using the pecl command.

Installation of YAZ on Linux

Zusätzliche Informationen, wie neue Releases, Downloads Quelldateien, Maintainerinformation und ein CHANGELOG finden Sie hier: » http://pecl.php.net/package/yaz

Installation on Windows systems

Sie können die DLL für diese PECL Erweiterung entweder von » PHP Downloads oder von » http://snaps.php.net/ herunterladen. php_yaz.dll depends on yaz.dll. The yaz.dll is part of the Win32 ZIP from the PHP site. It is also part of the Windows YAZ install available from the » YAZ WIN32 area.

Warnung

The PHP 5.0.5 Win32 zip includes a too old version of yaz.dll (version 1.9.1 < required version 2.0.13). If that's the case use the yaz.dll from a newer » YAZ WIN32 install.

On windows, don't forget to add the PHP directory to the PATH, so that the yaz.dll file can be found by the system.

If you are using YAZ as a shared extension, add (or uncomment) the following line in php.ini on Unix:

   extension=yaz.so
  
And for Windows:
   extension=php_yaz.dll
  

Warnung

Die IMAP Erweiterung kann nicht zusammen mit recode, YAZ oder Cyrusverwendet werden. Diese Tatsache liegt darin begründet, dass beide Erweiterungen gleiche interne Symbole benutzen.

Hinweis: The above problem is solved in version 2.0 of YAZ.

Laufzeit Konfiguration

Das Verhalten dieser Funktionen wird durch Einstellungen in der php.ini beeinflusst.

YAZ configuration options
Name Default Changeable Changelog
yaz.max_links "100" PHP_INI_ALL Available since PHP 4.3.0. Removed in PHP 5.0.0.
yaz.log_file NULL PHP_INI_ALL Available since PHP 4.3.0. Removed in PHP 5.0.0.
Weitere Details und die Definitionen der PHP_INI_*-Konstanten finden Sie im php.ini Einstellungen.

Resource Typen

Diese Erweiterung definiert keine Resource-Typen.

Vordefinierte Konstanten

Diese Erweiterung definiert keine Konstanten.

Beispiele

PHP/YAZ keeps track of connections with targets (Z-Associations). A resource represents a connection to a target.

The script below demonstrates the parallel searching feature of the API. When invoked with no arguments it prints a query form; else (arguments are supplied) it searches the targets as given in array host.

Example#2 Parallel searching using Yaz

<?php
$host
=$_REQUEST[host];
$query=$_REQUEST[query];
$num_hosts count($host);
if (empty(
$query) || count($host) == 0) {
    echo 
'<form method="get">
    <input type="checkbox"
    name="host[]" value="bagel.indexdata.dk/gils" />
        GILS test
    <input type="checkbox"
    name="host[]" value="localhost:9999/Default" />
        local test
    <input type="checkbox" checked="checked"
    name="host[]" value="z3950.loc.gov:7090/voyager" />
        Library of Congress
    <br />
    RPN Query:
    <input type="text" size="30" name="query" />
    <input type="submit" name="action" value="Search" />
    </form>
    '
;        
} else {
    echo 
'You searched for ' htmlspecialchars($query) . '<br />';
    for (
$i 0$i $num_hosts$i++) {
        
$id[] = yaz_connect($host[$i]);
        
yaz_syntax($id[$i], "usmarc");
        
yaz_range($id[$i], 110);
        
yaz_search($id[$i], "rpn"$query);
    }
    
yaz_wait();
    for (
$i 0$i $num_hosts$i++) {
        echo 
'<hr />' $host[$i] . ':';
        
$error yaz_error($id[$i]);
        if (!empty(
$error)) {
            echo 
"Error: $error";
        } else {
            
$hits yaz_hits($id[$i]);
            echo 
"Result Count $hits";
        }
        echo 
'<dl>';
        for (
$p 1$p <= 10$p++) {
            
$rec yaz_record($id[$i], $p"string");
            if (empty(
$rec)) continue;
            echo 
"<dt><b>$p</b></dt><dd>";
            echo 
nl2br($rec);
            echo 
"</dd>";
        }
        echo 
'</dl>';
    }
}
?>

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